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The Legislation of Environmental and Relevant Knowledge
The legislation of environmental

The Legislation of Environmental and Relevant Knowledge  

What's RoHS? (RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC)) 
The Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS) Directive was passed into law by the European Union (E.U.). It affects manufacturers, sellers, distributors and recyclers of electrical and electronic equipment containing lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chrome, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE). After July 1, 2006 the use of these materials will be banned in all products for Europe. The RoHS Directive complements the WEEE Directive.

What's WEEE? (WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC)) 
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) apply to companies that manufacture, sell, distribute, recycle or treat electrical and electronic equipment and to consumers in the E.U. It covers all household appliances, IT equipment, radio and audio equipment, electrical tools and telecommunications equipment.  
The Directive aims to reduce the waste arising from electrical and electronic equipment and to improve the environmental performance of all those involved in the life cycle of these products.

Demonstrating Compliance with The E EU Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive

In the European Union (EU), packaging and packaging waste is regulated under Directive 94/62/EC (adopted Dec. 20, 1994), the so-called “Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive” (PPWD). The PPWD sets forth requirements related to the management of packaging and packaging waste, and mandates that all packaging placed on the EU market comply with the “essential requirements” of Article 9 of the Directive, as well as specified heavy metals limits. The overarching goal of the PPWD is to harmonize national laws on packaging, thereby deterring Member States from restricting the free movement of packaged goods, as well as to reduce the negative impact of packaging waste on the environment. Importantly, the scope of the law is broad so that the PPWD covers all packaging placed on the EU market, including packaging designed for industrial, commercial, and domestic purposes.

The PPWD requires Member States to take steps to: 1) prevent packaging waste by reducing waste both in terms of quantity and hazard; 2) recover and recycle high percentages of packaging waste by imposing quantitative objectives; and 3) collect data on packaging and packaging waste to allow an adequate monitoring of the effect of the PPWD. Recently, portions of the PPWD were amended by Directive 2004/12/EC of Feb. 11, 2004, which must be adopted into the national legislation of all EU Member States by Aug. 18, 2005. The main amendments imposed by Directive 2004/12/EC:

  • Raise the overall recovery and recycling targets specified in the PPWD;
  • Attain minimum specific recycling targets for materials contained in packaging waste;
  • Lay out criteria on the interpretation of the definition of “packaging”; and
  • Make efforts to reduce further and, if appropriate, ultimately phase out, heavy metals and other hazardous substances in packaging by 2010.


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